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Attribution 4.0 International
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Creative Commons Corporation ("Creative Commons") is not a law firm and
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does not provide legal services or legal advice. Distribution of
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Creative Commons public licenses does not create a lawyer-client or
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other relationship. Creative Commons makes its licenses and related
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information available on an "as-is" basis. Creative Commons gives no
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warranties regarding its licenses, any material licensed under their
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terms and conditions, or any related information. Creative Commons
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disclaims all liability for damages resulting from their use to the
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fullest extent possible.
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Using Creative Commons Public Licenses
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Creative Commons public licenses provide a standard set of terms and
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conditions that creators and other rights holders may use to share
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original works of authorship and other material subject to copyright
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and certain other rights specified in the public license below. The
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following considerations are for informational purposes only, are not
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exhaustive, and do not form part of our licenses.
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     Considerations for licensors: Our public licenses are
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     intended for use by those authorized to give the public
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     permission to use material in ways otherwise restricted by
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     copyright and certain other rights. Our licenses are
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     irrevocable. Licensors should read and understand the terms
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     and conditions of the license they choose before applying it.
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     Licensors should also secure all rights necessary before
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     applying our licenses so that the public can reuse the
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     material as expected. Licensors should clearly mark any
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     material not subject to the license. This includes other CC-
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     licensed material, or material used under an exception or
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     limitation to copyright. More considerations for licensors:
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    wiki.creativecommons.org/Considerations_for_licensors
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     Considerations for the public: By using one of our public
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     licenses, a licensor grants the public permission to use the
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     licensed material under specified terms and conditions. If
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     the licensor's permission is not necessary for any reason--for
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     example, because of any applicable exception or limitation to
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     copyright--then that use is not regulated by the license. Our
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     licenses grant only permissions under copyright and certain
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     other rights that a licensor has authority to grant. Use of
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     the licensed material may still be restricted for other
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     reasons, including because others have copyright or other
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     rights in the material. A licensor may make special requests,
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     such as asking that all changes be marked or described.
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     Although not required by our licenses, you are encouraged to
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     respect those requests where reasonable. More considerations
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     for the public:
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    wiki.creativecommons.org/Considerations_for_licensees
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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License
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By exercising the Licensed Rights (defined below), You accept and agree
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to be bound by the terms and conditions of this Creative Commons
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Attribution 4.0 International Public License ("Public License"). To the
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extent this Public License may be interpreted as a contract, You are
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granted the Licensed Rights in consideration of Your acceptance of
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these terms and conditions, and the Licensor grants You such rights in
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consideration of benefits the Licensor receives from making the
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Licensed Material available under these terms and conditions.
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Section 1 -- Definitions.
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  a. Adapted Material means material subject to Copyright and Similar
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     Rights that is derived from or based upon the Licensed Material
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     and in which the Licensed Material is translated, altered,
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     arranged, transformed, or otherwise modified in a manner requiring
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     permission under the Copyright and Similar Rights held by the
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     Licensor. For purposes of this Public License, where the Licensed
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     Material is a musical work, performance, or sound recording,
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     Adapted Material is always produced where the Licensed Material is
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     synched in timed relation with a moving image.
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  b. Adapter's License means the license You apply to Your Copyright
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     and Similar Rights in Your contributions to Adapted Material in
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     accordance with the terms and conditions of this Public License.
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  c. Copyright and Similar Rights means copyright and/or similar rights
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     closely related to copyright including, without limitation,
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     performance, broadcast, sound recording, and Sui Generis Database
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     Rights, without regard to how the rights are labeled or
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     categorized. For purposes of this Public License, the rights
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     specified in Section 2(b)(1)-(2) are not Copyright and Similar
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     Rights.
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  d. Effective Technological Measures means those measures that, in the
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     absence of proper authority, may not be circumvented under laws
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     fulfilling obligations under Article 11 of the WIPO Copyright
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     Treaty adopted on December 20, 1996, and/or similar international
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     agreements.
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  e. Exceptions and Limitations means fair use, fair dealing, and/or
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     any other exception or limitation to Copyright and Similar Rights
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     that applies to Your use of the Licensed Material.
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  f. Licensed Material means the artistic or literary work, database,
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     or other material to which the Licensor applied this Public
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     License.
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  g. Licensed Rights means the rights granted to You subject to the
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     terms and conditions of this Public License, which are limited to
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     all Copyright and Similar Rights that apply to Your use of the
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     Licensed Material and that the Licensor has authority to license.
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  h. Licensor means the individual(s) or entity(ies) granting rights
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     under this Public License.
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  i. Share means to provide material to the public by any means or
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     process that requires permission under the Licensed Rights, such
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     as reproduction, public display, public performance, distribution,
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     dissemination, communication, or importation, and to make material
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     available to the public including in ways that members of the
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     public may access the material from a place and at a time
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     individually chosen by them.
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  j. Sui Generis Database Rights means rights other than copyright
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     resulting from Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of
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     the Council of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases,
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     as amended and/or succeeded, as well as other essentially
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     equivalent rights anywhere in the world.
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  k. You means the individual or entity exercising the Licensed Rights
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     under this Public License. Your has a corresponding meaning.
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Section 2 -- Scope.
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  a. License grant.
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       1. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Public License,
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          the Licensor hereby grants You a worldwide, royalty-free,
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          non-sublicensable, non-exclusive, irrevocable license to
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          exercise the Licensed Rights in the Licensed Material to:
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            a. reproduce and Share the Licensed Material, in whole or
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               in part; and
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            b. produce, reproduce, and Share Adapted Material.
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       2. Exceptions and Limitations. For the avoidance of doubt, where
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          Exceptions and Limitations apply to Your use, this Public
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          License does not apply, and You do not need to comply with
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          its terms and conditions.
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       3. Term. The term of this Public License is specified in Section
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          6(a).
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       4. Media and formats; technical modifications allowed. The
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          Licensor authorizes You to exercise the Licensed Rights in
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          all media and formats whether now known or hereafter created,
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          and to make technical modifications necessary to do so. The
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          Licensor waives and/or agrees not to assert any right or
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          authority to forbid You from making technical modifications
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          necessary to exercise the Licensed Rights, including
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          technical modifications necessary to circumvent Effective
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          Technological Measures. For purposes of this Public License,
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          simply making modifications authorized by this Section 2(a)
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          (4) never produces Adapted Material.
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       5. Downstream recipients.
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            a. Offer from the Licensor -- Licensed Material. Every
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               recipient of the Licensed Material automatically
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               receives an offer from the Licensor to exercise the
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               Licensed Rights under the terms and conditions of this
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               Public License.
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            b. No downstream restrictions. You may not offer or impose
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               any additional or different terms or conditions on, or
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               apply any Effective Technological Measures to, the
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               Licensed Material if doing so restricts exercise of the
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               Licensed Rights by any recipient of the Licensed
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               Material.
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       6. No endorsement. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or
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          may be construed as permission to assert or imply that You
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          are, or that Your use of the Licensed Material is, connected
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          with, or sponsored, endorsed, or granted official status by,
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          the Licensor or others designated to receive attribution as
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          provided in Section 3(a)(1)(A)(i).
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  b. Other rights.
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       1. Moral rights, such as the right of integrity, are not
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          licensed under this Public License, nor are publicity,
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          privacy, and/or other similar personality rights; however, to
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          the extent possible, the Licensor waives and/or agrees not to
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          assert any such rights held by the Licensor to the limited
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          extent necessary to allow You to exercise the Licensed
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          Rights, but not otherwise.
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       2. Patent and trademark rights are not licensed under this
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          Public License.
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       3. To the extent possible, the Licensor waives any right to
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          collect royalties from You for the exercise of the Licensed
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          Rights, whether directly or through a collecting society
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          under any voluntary or waivable statutory or compulsory
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          licensing scheme. In all other cases the Licensor expressly
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          reserves any right to collect such royalties.
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Section 3 -- License Conditions.
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Your exercise of the Licensed Rights is expressly made subject to the
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following conditions.
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  a. Attribution.
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       1. If You Share the Licensed Material (including in modified
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          form), You must:
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            a. retain the following if it is supplied by the Licensor
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               with the Licensed Material:
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                 i. identification of the creator(s) of the Licensed
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                    Material and any others designated to receive
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                    attribution, in any reasonable manner requested by
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                    the Licensor (including by pseudonym if
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                    designated);
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                ii. a copyright notice;
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               iii. a notice that refers to this Public License;
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                iv. a notice that refers to the disclaimer of
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                    warranties;
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                 v. a URI or hyperlink to the Licensed Material to the
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                    extent reasonably practicable;
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            b. indicate if You modified the Licensed Material and
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               retain an indication of any previous modifications; and
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            c. indicate the Licensed Material is licensed under this
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               Public License, and include the text of, or the URI or
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               hyperlink to, this Public License.
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       2. You may satisfy the conditions in Section 3(a)(1) in any
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          reasonable manner based on the medium, means, and context in
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          which You Share the Licensed Material. For example, it may be
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          reasonable to satisfy the conditions by providing a URI or
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          hyperlink to a resource that includes the required
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          information.
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       3. If requested by the Licensor, You must remove any of the
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          information required by Section 3(a)(1)(A) to the extent
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          reasonably practicable.
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       4. If You Share Adapted Material You produce, the Adapter's
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          License You apply must not prevent recipients of the Adapted
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          Material from complying with this Public License.
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Section 4 -- Sui Generis Database Rights.
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Where the Licensed Rights include Sui Generis Database Rights that
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apply to Your use of the Licensed Material:
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  a. for the avoidance of doubt, Section 2(a)(1) grants You the right
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     to extract, reuse, reproduce, and Share all or a substantial
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     portion of the contents of the database;
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  b. if You include all or a substantial portion of the database
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     contents in a database in which You have Sui Generis Database
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     Rights, then the database in which You have Sui Generis Database
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     Rights (but not its individual contents) is Adapted Material; and
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  c. You must comply with the conditions in Section 3(a) if You Share
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     all or a substantial portion of the contents of the database.
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For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 4 supplements and does not
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replace Your obligations under this Public License where the Licensed
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Rights include other Copyright and Similar Rights.
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Section 5 -- Disclaimer of Warranties and Limitation of Liability.
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  a. UNLESS OTHERWISE SEPARATELY UNDERTAKEN BY THE LICENSOR, TO THE
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     EXTENT POSSIBLE, THE LICENSOR OFFERS THE LICENSED MATERIAL AS-IS
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     AND AS-AVAILABLE, AND MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF
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     ANY KIND CONCERNING THE LICENSED MATERIAL, WHETHER EXPRESS,
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     IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHER. THIS INCLUDES, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
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     WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
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     PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS,
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     ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT
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     KNOWN OR DISCOVERABLE. WHERE DISCLAIMERS OF WARRANTIES ARE NOT
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     ALLOWED IN FULL OR IN PART, THIS DISCLAIMER MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
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  b. TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE, IN NO EVENT WILL THE LICENSOR BE LIABLE
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     TO YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
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     NEGLIGENCE) OR OTHERWISE FOR ANY DIRECT, SPECIAL, INDIRECT,
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     INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, OR OTHER LOSSES,
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     COSTS, EXPENSES, OR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS PUBLIC LICENSE OR
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     USE OF THE LICENSED MATERIAL, EVEN IF THE LICENSOR HAS BEEN
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     ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSSES, COSTS, EXPENSES, OR
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     DAMAGES. WHERE A LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS NOT ALLOWED IN FULL OR
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     IN PART, THIS LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
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  c. The disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability provided
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     above shall be interpreted in a manner that, to the extent
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     possible, most closely approximates an absolute disclaimer and
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     waiver of all liability.
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Section 6 -- Term and Termination.
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  a. This Public License applies for the term of the Copyright and
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     Similar Rights licensed here. However, if You fail to comply with
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     this Public License, then Your rights under this Public License
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     terminate automatically.
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  b. Where Your right to use the Licensed Material has terminated under
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     Section 6(a), it reinstates:
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       1. automatically as of the date the violation is cured, provided
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          it is cured within 30 days of Your discovery of the
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          violation; or
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       2. upon express reinstatement by the Licensor.
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     For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 6(b) does not affect any
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     right the Licensor may have to seek remedies for Your violations
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     of this Public License.
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  c. For the avoidance of doubt, the Licensor may also offer the
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     Licensed Material under separate terms or conditions or stop
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     distributing the Licensed Material at any time; however, doing so
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     will not terminate this Public License.
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  d. Sections 1, 5, 6, 7, and 8 survive termination of this Public
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     License.
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Section 7 -- Other Terms and Conditions.
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  a. The Licensor shall not be bound by any additional or different
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     terms or conditions communicated by You unless expressly agreed.
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  b. Any arrangements, understandings, or agreements regarding the
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     Licensed Material not stated herein are separate from and
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     independent of the terms and conditions of this Public License.
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Section 8 -- Interpretation.
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  a. For the avoidance of doubt, this Public License does not, and
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     shall not be interpreted to, reduce, limit, restrict, or impose
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     conditions on any use of the Licensed Material that could lawfully
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     be made without permission under this Public License.
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  b. To the extent possible, if any provision of this Public License is
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     deemed unenforceable, it shall be automatically reformed to the
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     minimum extent necessary to make it enforceable. If the provision
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     cannot be reformed, it shall be severed from this Public License
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     without affecting the enforceability of the remaining terms and
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     conditions.
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  c. No term or condition of this Public License will be waived and no
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     failure to comply consented to unless expressly agreed to by the
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     Licensor.
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  d. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or may be interpreted
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     as a limitation upon, or waiver of, any privileges and immunities
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     that apply to the Licensor or You, including from the legal
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     processes of any jurisdiction or authority.
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Creative Commons is not a party to its public
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licenses. Notwithstanding, Creative Commons may elect to apply one of
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its public licenses to material it publishes and in those instances
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will be considered the “Licensor.” The text of the Creative Commons
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public licenses is dedicated to the public domain under the CC0 Public
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Domain Dedication. Except for the limited purpose of indicating that
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material is shared under a Creative Commons public license or as
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otherwise permitted by the Creative Commons policies published at
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creativecommons.org/policies, Creative Commons does not authorize the
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use of the trademark "Creative Commons" or any other trademark or logo
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of Creative Commons without its prior written consent including,
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without limitation, in connection with any unauthorized modifications
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to any of its public licenses or any other arrangements,
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understandings, or agreements concerning use of licensed material. For
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the avoidance of doubt, this paragraph does not form part of the
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public licenses.
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Creative Commons may be contacted at creativecommons.org.
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